Ephrem - ܐܦܪܝܡ (d. 373)

http://syriaca.org/person/13 This page is an entry in Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints and A Guide to Syriac Authors


Deacon, poet, and theologian.1


  • ܐܦܪܝܡ6, 7, 8
  • Ephrem
  • ܐܲܦܪܹܝܡ5
  • ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ4
  • ܡܳܪܝ ܐܰܦܪܶܝܡ4
  • مار افرام الملفان السرياني3
  • Ephrem of Edessa
  • Éphrem d’Édesse8
  • Saint Ephrem
  • Ap(h)rem16
  • Ephraim7
  • Ephrem1, 10
  • Ephrem8
  • Éphrem8
  • St. Ephraim the Syrian2
  • ʾAfrēm8

Sex: male9


  • St. 2


In hagiography: Ephrem is commemorated as a doctor of the church and theologian. Ephrem's ecclesiastical career was based mainly in Nisibis and Edessa. He was the author of hymns, homilies, and prose. His fourth-century writings are remembered as a "golden age" of Syriac literature. His vita as recounted in hagiography differs greatly from historical accounts. One vita transforms him into a Byzantine monk, which is nevertheless a tribute to his importance in both the Syriac and Byzantine Greek churches.

Related Places in the Syriac Gazetteer

* This map displays 8 records. Only places with coordinates are displayed.

*Timeline generated with http://timeline.knightlab.com/


  • Death: 3731


Saint Ephrem is celebrated by the Syrians on January 28.


The bibliography on Ephrem is immense.

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 S. P. Brock, "Ephrem." in Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 145-147.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to e-GEDSH entry
  • 2 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans. Matti Moosa, 2nd rev. ed. (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2003), entry: 9, pp: 229.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 3 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, al-Luʼluʼ al-manthūr fī tārīkh al-ʻulūm wa-al-ādāb al-Suryāniyyah, 4th ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1987), pp: 196.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 4 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, Berule bdire d-ʿal yulpone suryoye hdire, trans. Philoxenos Yuḥanon Dolabani, 2nd ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1991), pp: 218.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 5 ʿAbdishoʿ bar Brikha, Ktābā d-metqre margānitā d-ʿal šrārā da-kresṭyānutā, 2nd ed. (Mosul: Mṭabbaʿtā ātoraytā d-ʿēdtā ʿattiqtā d-madnḥā, 1924), pp: 69.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 6 Josephus Simonius Assemani, Bibliotheca Orientalis Clementino-Vaticana (Rome: Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1719-1728)., pp: III:61.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 7 Sergey Minov (ed.), A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity (The Center for the Study of Christianity, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013), entry: Ephraim, Ephrem.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 8 Ugo Zanetti and Claude Detienne, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca, entry: 176, 345, 346, 347, 348, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 728, 729, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, 820, 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 832, 833, 834, 908, 996, 999, 1063, 1140, 1141, 1255, 1317, 1318, 1319, 1320, 1340, 1466, 1517, 1539, 1742, 1743, 1759, 1760, 1773, 1774, 1786, 1813, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1945, 1985, 1988, 1996, 95, 96, 788, 789, 1158, 1892, 1593, 1255, 244.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 9 Jean Maurice Fiey, Saints Syriaques (Princeton, N.J.: The Darwin Press, Inc., 2004), entry: 147.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 10 Kees den Biesen, Bibliography of Ephrem the Syrian (Giove in Umbria [Italy]: [publisher not identified], 2002)., : (Giove in Umbria, 2002).Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 11 Bernard Outtier, "Saint Éphrem d’après ses biographies et ses œuvres." Parole de l'Orient vol. 4 (1973)., : 4 (1973), 12-53.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 12 Joseph P Amar, "Byzantine ascetic monachism and Greek bias in the vita tradition of Ephrem the Syrian." Orientalia christiana periodica vol. 58 (1992)., : OCP 58 (1992), 123-58.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 13 Jean Maurice Fiey, Nisibe, métropole syriaque orientale et ses suffragants des origines à nos jours (Louvain: Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1977)., : 123-35.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 14 Sebastian P. Brock, The luminous eye: The spiritual world vision of Saint Ephrem (Kalamazoo, Mich.: Cistercian Publications, 1992)., : Kalamazoo, 1992.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 15 Pontificia Università lateranense and Istituto Giovanni XXIII, Bibliotheca sanctorum (Roma: Istituto Giovanni XXIII nella Pontificia Università lateranense, 1961-1970)., : IV, 944-49.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 16 Anton Baumstark, Geschichte der syrischen Literatur mit Ausschluß der christlich-palästinensischen Texte (Bonn: A. Marcus und E. Webers Verlag Dr. jur. Albert Ahn, 1922), pp: 31-52.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 17 Ignatius Ortiz de Urbina, Patrologia Syriaca, Altera editio emendata et aucta (Romae: Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1965), section: 18.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 18 Rubens Duval, La littérature syriaque, Troisième Edition , Anciennes littératures chrétiennes, vol. 2; Bibliothèque de l'enseignement de l'histoire ecclésiastique (Paris: Librairie Victor Lecoffre, 1907), pp: 329-335.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic recordLink to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 19 J.S. Assemani, De scriptoribus Syris orthodoxis, Bibliotheca orientalis Clementino-Vaticana vol. 1 (Rome: Typis Sacræ Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1719), pp: 24-164.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 20 J.-B. Chabot, Littérature syriaque, Bibliothèque catholique des sciences religieuses; Littératures chrétiennes de l'Orient (: Librairie Bloud & Gay, 1934), pp: 25-30.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
  • 21 William Wright, A Short History of Syriac Literature (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1894), pp: 33-37.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 22 Sebastian Paul Brock, A Brief Outline of Syriac Literature, 2nd ed., rev. and enlarged , Mōrān ʾEthʾō, vol. 9 (Kottayam: St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 2008), pp: 16-22.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record.
Status: draft
  Is this record complete?


Ephrem  Has literary connection to place (4) records.
Izmīd (settlement) - ܐܙܡܝܕ Names: IsmitNicomediaAncient Nicomedia, a city in northwestern Anatolia .URI: http://syriaca.org/place/502
Ḥarran (settlement) - ܚܪܢ Names: CarrhaeḤārānḤarrānHarran"Syr./Hebrew Ḥārān; Latin Carrhae; Arabic Ḥarran. Ancient city in Mesopotamia, approximately 45 km south-southeast of Edessa."URI: http://syriaca.org/place/216
Kalkh (region) - ܟܠܟA region whose evangelization was described by Ephrem .URI: http://syriaca.org/place/1450
Hanzīṭ (settlement) - ܗܢܙܝܛ Names: AnazeteA town about which Ephrem composed memre.URI: http://syriaca.org/place/1451
See all 4  
Ephrem  Has relation to place (4) records.
Nisibis (settlement) - ܢܨܝܒܝܢ Names: NṣibinNusaybinṢobaNisibinṢōbā"City in Mesopotamia and important center of early Syriac Christianity."URI: http://syriaca.org/place/142
Edessa (settlement) - ܐܘܪܗܝ Names: UrfaAdmeAntiochia KallirhoeUrhayA city of Mesopotamia , the capital of the ancient kingdom of Osrhoene , modern Urfa.URI: http://syriaca.org/place/78
Amida (settlement) - ܐܡܝܕ Names: AmidDiyarbakırOmidDiyarbakirĀmidDiyārbakr"City in upper Mesopotamia."URI: http://syriaca.org/place/8
See all 4  

2669 Catalog Search Results from WorldCat

Based on VIAF ID. May contain inaccuracies. Not curated by Syriaca.org.

How to Cite This Entry

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ ” in Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints last modified August 17, 2016, http://syriaca.org/person/13.


Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ .” In Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints, edited by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson and Nathan P. Gibson. Vol. 1 of The Syriac Biographical Dictionary, edited by David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published August 17, 2016. http://syriaca.org/person/13.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ

Additional Credit:

  • Data from Macuch, Abuna, De Urbina, Duval, Assemani (vols. 1-2), Chabot, Wright, and Brock collected, verified, reconciled, and entered by Kristian Heal
  • German data entry by Samer Khader
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent
  • Editing, document design, data architecture, encoding, proofreading, data entry by David A. Michelson
  • Proofreading of GEDSH abstracts, addition of confessions and alternate names from GEDSH, matching with viaf.org records, data entry, data transformation, data merging, conversion to XML by Nathan P. Gibson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English name entry, matching with viaf.org records by James E. Walters
  • Editing, Syriac name entry, disambiguation research, conversion to XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Editing, Syriac data conversion, data entry, and reconciling by Adam P. Kane
  • Editing and Syriac data proofreading by Aram Bar Schabo
  • Syriac name entry by Robert Aydin
  • Normalization of GEDSH dates and entry matching with viaf.org records by Alex Vawter
  • Editorial oversight for GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry, and proofreading by Christopher Johnson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry and proofreading by the Syriac Research Group, University of Alabama
  • Entries adapted from the work of Jean Maurice Fiey
  • Entries adapted from the work of Ugo Zanetti
  • Entries adapted from the work of Claude Detienne

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