Ephrem - ܐܦܪܝܡ

http://syriaca.org/person/13
Deacon, poet, and theologian.1

Names

  • ܐܦܪܝܡ6, 7, 8
  • Ephrem
  • ܐܲܦܪܹܝܡ5
  • ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ4
  • ܡܳܪܝ ܐܰܦܪܶܝܡ4
  • مار افرام الملفان السرياني3
  • Ephrem of Edessa
  • Éphrem d’Édesse8
  • Saint Ephrem
  • SAINT ÉPHREM9
  • Ap(h)rem16
  • Ephraim7
  • Ephrem1, 10
  • Ephrem8
  • Éphrem8
  • St. Ephraim the Syrian2
  • ʾAfrēm8
Sex: male9
Death: 3731

Descriptions

In hagiography: Ephrem is commemorated as a doctor of the church and theologian. Ephrem's ecclesiastical career was based mainly in Nisibis and Edessa. He was the author of hymns, homilies, and prose. His fourth-century writings are remembered as a "golden age" of Syriac literature. His vita as recounted in hagiography differs greatly from historical accounts. One vita transforms him into a Byzantine monk, which is nevertheless a tribute to his importance in both the Syriac and Byzantine Greek churches.

Notes

Deacon, poet, and theologian.1
Saint Ephrem is celebrated by the Syrians on January 28.
The bibliography on Ephrem is immense.
Status: draft  Is this record complete?

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 S. P. Brock, "Ephrem." in Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 145-147.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 2 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans. Matti Moosa, 2nd rev. ed. (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2003), entry: 9, pp: 229.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 3 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, al-Luʼluʼ al-manthūr fī tārīkh al-ʻulūm wa-al-ādāb al-Suryāniyyah, 4th ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1987), pp: 196.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 4 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, Berule bdire d-ʿal yulpone suryoye hdire, trans. Philoxenos Yuḥanon Dolabani, 2nd ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1991), pp: 218.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 5 ʿAbdishoʿ bar Brikha, Ktābā d-metqre margānitā d-ʿal šrārā da-kresṭyānutā, 2nd ed. (Mosul: Mṭabbaʿtā ātoraytā d-ʿēdtā ʿattiqtā d-madnḥā, 1924), pp: 69.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 6 Josephus Simonius Assemani, Bibliotheca Orientalis Clementino-Vaticana (Rome: Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1719-1728)., pp: III:61.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 7 Sergey Minov (ed.), A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity (The Center for the Study of Christianity, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013), entry: Ephraim, Ephrem.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 8 Ugo Zanetti and Claude Detienne, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca, entry: 176, 345, 346, 347, 348, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 728, 729, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, 820, 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 832, 833, 834, 908, 996, 999, 1063, 1140, 1141, 1255, 1317, 1318, 1319, 1320, 1340, 1466, 1517, 1539, 1742, 1743, 1759, 1760, 1773, 1774, 1786, 1813, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1945, 1985, 1988, 1996, 95, 96, 788, 789, 1158, 1892, 1593, 1255, 244.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 9 Jean Maurice Fiey, Saints Syriaques (Princeton, N.J.: The Darwin Press, Inc., 2004), entry: 147.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 10 Kees den Biesen, Bibliography of Ephrem the Syrian (Giove in Umbria [Italy]: [publisher not identified], 2002)., : (Giove in Umbria, 2002).Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 11 Bernard Outtier, "Saint Éphrem d’après ses biographies et ses œuvres." Parole de l'Orient vol. 4 (1973)., : 4 (1973), 12-53.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 12 Joseph P Amar, "Byzantine ascetic monachism and Greek bias in the vita tradition of Ephrem the Syrian." Orientalia christiana periodica vol. 58 (1992)., : OCP 58 (1992), 123-58.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 13 Jean Maurice Fiey, Nisibe, métropole syriaque orientale et ses suffragants des origines à nos jours (Louvain: Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1977)., : 123-35.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 14 Sebastian P. Brock, The luminous eye: The spiritual world vision of Saint Ephrem (Kalamazoo, Mich.: Cistercian Publications, 1992)., : Kalamazoo, 1992.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 15 Pontificia Università lateranense and Istituto Giovanni XXIII, Bibliotheca sanctorum (Roma: Istituto Giovanni XXIII nella Pontificia Università lateranense, 1961-1970)., : IV, 944-49.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 16 Anton Baumstark, Geschichte der syrischen Literatur mit Ausschluß der christlich-palästinensischen Texte (Bonn: A. Marcus und E. Webers Verlag Dr. jur. Albert Ahn, 1922), pp: 31-52.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 17 Ignatius Ortiz de Urbina, Patrologia Syriaca, Altera editio emendata et aucta (Romae: Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1965), section: 18.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 18 Rubens Duval, La littérature syriaque, Troisième Edition , Anciennes littératures chrétiennes, vol. 2; Bibliothèque de l'enseignement de l'histoire ecclésiastique (Paris: Librairie Victor Lecoffre, 1907), pp: 329-335.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic recordLink to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 19 J.S. Assemani, De scriptoribus Syris orthodoxis, Bibliotheca orientalis Clementino-Vaticana vol. 1 (Rome: Typis Sacræ Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1719), pp: 24-164.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 20 J.-B. Chabot, Littérature syriaque, Bibliothèque catholique des sciences religieuses; Littératures chrétiennes de l'Orient (: Librairie Bloud & Gay, 1934), pp: 25-30.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 21 William Wright, A Short History of Syriac Literature (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1894), pp: 33-37.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 22 Sebastian Paul Brock, A Brief Outline of Syriac Literature, 2nd ed., rev. and enlarged , Mōrān ʾEthʾō, vol. 9 (Kottayam: St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 2008), pp: 16-22.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.

How to Cite This Entry

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ ” in , last modified August 17, 2016, http://syriaca.org/person/13.

Bibliography:

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ .” In , edited by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson and Nathan P. Gibson. Vol. 1 of The Syriac Biographical Dictionary, edited by David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal, 2016. Entry published August 17, 2016. http://syriaca.org/person/13.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ

Additional Credit:

  • Data from Macuch, Abuna, De Urbina, Duval, Assemani (vols. 1-2), Chabot, Wright, and Brock collected, verified, reconciled, and entered by Kristian Heal
  • German data entry by Samer Khader
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent
  • Editing, document design, data architecture, encoding, proofreading, data entry by David A. Michelson
  • Proofreading of GEDSH abstracts, addition of confessions and alternate names from GEDSH, matching with viaf.org records, data entry, data transformation, data merging, conversion to XML by Nathan P. Gibson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English name entry, matching with viaf.org records by James E. Walters
  • Editing, Syriac name entry, disambiguation research, conversion to XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Editing, Syriac data conversion, data entry, and reconciling by Adam P. Kane
  • Editing and Syriac data proofreading by Aram Bar Schabo
  • Syriac name entry by Robert Aydin
  • Normalization of GEDSH dates and entry matching with viaf.org records by Alex Vawter
  • Editorial oversight for GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry, and proofreading by Christopher Johnson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry and proofreading by the Syriac Research Group, University of Alabama
  • Entries adapted from the work of Jean Maurice Fiey
  • Entries adapted from the work of Ugo Zanetti
  • Entries adapted from the work of Claude Detienne

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Relationships

Ephrem  Has literary connection to place (4)

Ephrem  Has relation to place (4)