Ephrem - ܐܦܪܝܡ (d. 373)

http://syriaca.org/person/13 This page is an entry in Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints and A Guide to Syriac Authors

Identity

“Deacon, poet, and theologian.” 1

Names:

  • ܐܦܪܝܡ6, 7, 8
  • Ephrem
  • ܐܲܦܪܹܝܡ5
  • ܡܪܝ ܐܦܪܝܡ4
  • ܡܳܪܝ ܐܰܦܪܶܝܡ4
  • مار افرام الملفان السرياني3
  • Ephrem of Edessa
  • Éphrem d’Édesse8
  • Saint Ephrem
  • SAINT ÉPHREM9
  • Ap(h)rem16
  • Ephraim7
  • Ephrem1, 10
  • Ephrem8
  • Éphrem8
  • St. Ephraim the Syrian2
  • ʾAfrēm8

Sex: male9

Saint

  • St. 2

Description

In hagiography: Ephrem is commemorated as a doctor of the church and theologian. Ephrem's ecclesiastical career was based mainly in Nisibis and Edessa. He was the author of hymns, homilies, and prose. His fourth-century writings are remembered as a "golden age" of Syriac literature. His vita as recounted in hagiography differs greatly from historical accounts. One vita transforms him into a Byzantine monk, which is nevertheless a tribute to his importance in both the Syriac and Byzantine Greek churches.

Related Places in the Syriac Gazetteer

* This map displays 8 records. Only places with coordinates are displayed.

*Timeline generated with http://timeline.knightlab.com/

Dates

  • Death: 3731

Note

Saint Ephrem is celebrated by the Syrians on January 28.

Note

The bibliography on Ephrem is immense.

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8 Ugo Zanetti and Claude Detienne, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca, entry: 176, 345, 346, 347, 348, 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 728, 729, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815, 816, 817, 818, 819, 820, 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 832, 833, 834, 908, 996, 999, 1063, 1140, 1141, 1255, 1317, 1318, 1319, 1320, 1340, 1466, 1517, 1539, 1742, 1743, 1759, 1760, 1773, 1774, 1786, 1813, 1825, 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1945, 1985, 1988, 1996, 95, 96, 788, 789, 1158, 1892, 1593, 1255, 244.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 9 Jean Maurice Fiey, Saints Syriaques (Princeton, N.J.: The Darwin Press, Inc., 2004), entry: 147.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 10
  • 11
  • 12 Joseph P Amar, "Byzantine ascetic monachism and Greek bias in the vita tradition of Ephrem the Syrian." Orientalia christiana periodica vol. 58 (1992)., : OCP 58 (1992), 123-58.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 13 Jean Maurice Fiey, Nisibe, métropole syriaque orientale et ses suffragants des origines à nos jours (Louvain: Secrétariat du CorpusSCO, 1977)., : 123-35.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 14
  • 15 Pontificia Università lateranense and Istituto Giovanni XXIII, Bibliotheca sanctorum (Roma: Istituto Giovanni XXIII nella Pontificia Università lateranense, 1961-1970)., : IV, 944-49.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 16 Anton Baumstark, Geschichte der syrischen Literatur mit Ausschluß der christlich-palästinensischen Texte (Bonn: A. Marcus und E. Webers Verlag Dr. jur. Albert Ahn, 1922), pp: 31-52.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 17 Ignatius Ortiz de Urbina, Patrologia Syriaca, Altera editio emendata et aucta (Romae: Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1965), section: 18.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 18 Rubens Duval, La littérature syriaque, Troisième Edition , Anciennes littératures chrétiennes, vol. 2; Bibliothèque de l'enseignement de l'histoire ecclésiastique (Paris: Librairie Victor Lecoffre, 1907), pp: 329-335.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic recordLink to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
  • 19
  • 20
  • 21 William Wright, A Short History of Syriac Literature (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1894), pp: 33-37.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.Link to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 22 Sebastian Paul Brock, A Brief Outline of Syriac Literature, 2nd ed., rev. and enlarged , Mōrān ʾEthʾō, vol. 9 (Kottayam: St. Ephrem Ecumenical Research Institute, 2008), pp: 16-22.Link to The Srophe web application Bibliographic Record.
Status: draft
  Is this record complete?

Relationships

Ephrem  Has literary connection to place (4)
Izmīd (settlement) - ܐܙܡܝܕ Names: IsmitNicomediaAncient Nicomedia, a city in northwestern Anatolia .URI: http://syriaca.org/place/502
Ḥarran (settlement) - ܚܪܢ Names: CarrhaeḤārānḤarrānHarran"Syr./Hebrew Ḥārān; Latin Carrhae; Arabic Ḥarran. Ancient city in Mesopotamia, approximately 45 km south-southeast of Edessa."URI: http://syriaca.org/place/216
Kalkh (region) - ܟܠܟA region whose evangelization was described by Ephrem .URI: http://syriaca.org/place/1450
Hanzīṭ (settlement) - ܗܢܙܝܛ Names: AnazeteA town about which Ephrem composed memre.URI: http://syriaca.org/place/1451
See all 4  
Ephrem  Has relation to place (4)
Nisibis (settlement) - ܢܨܝܒܝܢ Names: NṣibinNusaybinṢobaNisibinṢōbā"City in Mesopotamia and important center of early Syriac Christianity."URI: http://syriaca.org/place/142
Edessa (settlement) - ܐܘܪܗܝ Names: UrfaAdmeAntiochia KallirhoeUrhayA city of Mesopotamia , the capital of the ancient kingdom of Osrhoene , modern Urfa.URI: http://syriaca.org/place/78
Amida (settlement) - ܐܡܝܕ Names: AmidDiyarbakırOmidDiyarbakirĀmidDiyārbakr"City in upper Mesopotamia."URI: http://syriaca.org/place/8
See all 4  

2586 Catalog Search Results from WorldCat

Based on VIAF ID. May contain inaccuracies. Not curated by Syriaca.org.


How to Cite This Entry

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ ” in Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints last modified August 17, 2016, http://syriaca.org/person/13.

Bibliography:

Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent et al., “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ .” In Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints, edited by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson and Nathan P. Gibson. Vol. 1 of The Syriac Biographical Dictionary, edited by David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published August 17, 2016. http://syriaca.org/person/13.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • David A. Michelson, general editor, Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal
  • Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson, and Nathan P. Gibson, editors, Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints
  • Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson, Nathan P. Gibson, James E. Walters, Thomas A. Carlson, and Kristian Heal, entry contributors, “Ephrem — ܐܦܪܝܡ

Additional Credit:

  • Data from Macuch, Abuna, De Urbina, Duval, Assemani (vols. 1-2), Chabot, Wright, and Brock collected, verified, reconciled, and entered by Kristian Heal
  • German data entry by Samer Khader
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent
  • Editing, document design, data architecture, encoding, proofreading, data entry by David A. Michelson
  • Proofreading of GEDSH abstracts, addition of confessions and alternate names from GEDSH, matching with viaf.org records, data entry, data transformation, data merging, conversion to XML by Nathan P. Gibson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English name entry, matching with viaf.org records by James E. Walters
  • Editing, Syriac name entry, disambiguation research, conversion to XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Editing, Syriac data conversion, data entry, and reconciling by Adam P. Kane
  • Editing and Syriac data proofreading by Aram Bar Schabo
  • Syriac name entry by Robert Aydin
  • Normalization of GEDSH dates and entry matching with viaf.org records by Alex Vawter
  • Editorial oversight for GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry, and proofreading by Christopher Johnson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry and proofreading by the Syriac Research Group, University of Alabama
  • Entries adapted from the work of Jean Maurice Fiey
  • Entries adapted from the work of Ugo Zanetti
  • Entries adapted from the work of Claude Detienne

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