Search Tips

For best results, users are recommended to use the advanced search functions. Search results can also be improved by the use of the the following Boolean search characters:

Wildcard Characters:

Given the prevalence of variant spellings in names, using Wildcard Characters may help.

"?" can be inserted as a variant for any single character.

Thus a search for:

G?wargis  
returns results which contain either "Gewargis" or "Giwargis".

Similarly a search for:

M?r  
returns results which contain either "Mar" or "Mor".

"*" can be inserted as a variant for multiple characters or a truncated word.

Thus a search for:

Dayr*  
returns results for "Dayr" and "Dayro" and more.

Similarly a search for

Ab*  
returns results for "ʿAbdishoʿ" and "ʿAbda" and more.

Note: Because the sources we quote use a variety of transliteration formats, Syriaca.org ignores diacritics and punctuation in searching; for example, use of "ʿ" is not required to find results with this diacritical mark.

Fuzzy Search Character

Appending the character "~" after a word returns results for words that are close but not exact matches.

Thus a search for

Aba~  
returns results which contain "Aba" but also "Abi", "Saba", "Aha", and other words that are "fuzzy" matches for "Aba".

Exact Phrase Searches

To find an exact phrase, it should be enclosed in double quotes.

Thus

"ʿAbdishoʿ I"  
returns only one result with that exact phrase, while several results are found for the words "ʿAbdishoʿ" and "I".

Proximity Characters

To find two or more words which occur within a specified range of each other, one can append the character "~" followed by a number to an "Exact Phrase" search. This allows one to search for two or more words that occur within a specified distance of each other as defined by number of words.

Thus

"Jacob+Bishop"~2  
finds three results in which the words "Jacob" and "Bishop" occur within two words of each other: "Jacob , bishop of Nisibin", "Jacob, bishop of Phesilta", and "Jacob , bishop of ‛Ānah" while a simple search for "Jacob Bishop" returns many more results.

* This map displays 292 records. Only places with coordinates are displayed.
Smyrna — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܣܡܘܪܢܐ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2718/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Smyrna ܣܡܘܪܢܐ Smyrna ܣܡܘܪܢܐ A city on the Aegean coast of Anatolia http://syriaca.org/place/2718 https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/550893 175 193
Mar Thomas the Apostle — <foreign xml:lang="syr"></foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2593/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Mar Thomas the Apostle A church in Edessa where the coffin of Thomas the Apostle was placed in 22 August A. D. 394 22 Tammuz A. Gr. 705 , according to a tradition recorded in the Chronicle of Edessa. http://syriaca.org/place/2593 Chronica minora Ignatius Guidi 5 The Chronicle of Edessa 38
Dorylaion — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܕܐܘܪܠܝܘܢ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz Data and XML by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2572/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

2015-07-05
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriac.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CREATED: place
Dorylaion ܕܐܘܪܠܝܘܢ Dorylaeum A settlement in norther Phrygia. 39.774889999999999 30.516839999999998 http://syriaca.org/place/2572 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/609367 Chronica Minora 7 Untersuchungen über die Edessenische Chronik 111 Selections from the Syriac, No. 1: The Chronicle of Edessa 35 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/609367
Maypherqaṭ — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܡܝܦܪܩܛ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Thomas A. Carlson David A. Michelson Initial Barsoum entry creation by David A. Michelson Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson Syriac description entry by Robert Aydin Arabic description entry by Dayroyo Roger-Youssef Akhrass Wilmshurst index information entry by Anthony Davis Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/134/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2014-06-30-04:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriac.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CHANGED tei:author element to tei:persName under tei:event element. ADDED: Yaqut citation and attestation ADDED: relation element with shares-name-with attribute for all place headwords that share names ADDED: latitude and longitude from Pleiades ADDED: syriaca-computed-start and syriaca-computed-end attributes for searching CREATED: place
Maypherqaṭ Martyropolis Silvan ܡܝܦܪܩܛ ܡܝܺܦܰܪܩܰܛ ميافارقين Miyapharqin Maipherqat Mayperqat Maiperqāṭ مَيّافارقِين A city north of the Tigris and east of Amida. ܛܒܝܒܳܐ ܗܘܳܬ ܕܰܡܕܝܢ̈ܬܳܐ ܕܐܳܡܺܝܕ ܠܓܰܪܒܰܝ ܡܰܕܢܚܳܗ̇ ܘܝܰܘܡܳܢ ܩܰܣܛܪܰܐ ܗܝ̣. كانت اشهر مدينة بديار بكر في شماليها الشرقي وهي الان بليدة. once the most famous city in the northeastern part of the province of Diyarbakir, now a small town. 38.1427855 41.003257

Attestation of name مَيّافارقِين in the Muʿjam al-buldān of Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.

http://syriaca.org/place/134 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/874573 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silvan,_Turkey http://dbpedia.org/resource/Silvan,_Turkey http://www.csc.org.il/db/browse.aspx?db=SB&sL=M&sK=Maipherqat&sT=keywords http://www.csc.org.il/db/browse.aspx?db=SB&sL=M&sK=Martyropolis&sT=keywords http://www.csc.org.il/db/browse.aspx?db=SB&sL=M&sK=Mayperqat&sT=keywords The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage 18, 247, 267, 273 Map I B1, II B1, III ܒܪ̈ܘܠܐ ܒܕܝܪ̈ܐ ܕܥܠ ܡܪܕܘܬ ܝܘܠܦܢ̈ܐ ܣܘܪ̈ܝܝܐ ܗܕܝܪ̈ܐ 562 كتاب اللؤلؤ المنثور في تاريخ العلوم والأداب السريانية 520 The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences 556 The Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity Maipherqat Martyropolis Mayperqat David Wilmshurst The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913 38, 49, 53, 54 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/874573 Muʿjam al-buldān Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī V:272
Siirt Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Thomas A. Carlson Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson Wilmshurst index information entry by Anthony Davis Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/724/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

2014-01-14-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriac.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 ADDED: relation element with shares-name-with attribute for all place headwords that share names ADDED: syriaca-computed-start and syriaca-computed-end attributes for searching CREATED: place
Siirt Seert Arzun http://syriaca.org/place/724 David Wilmshurst The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913 3, 8, 14, 22, 38, 39, 40, 50, 82-99, 101, 105, 116, 124, 276, 323, 346, 350, 354, 358, 359, 360, 363, 366
Magydum — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܡܐܓܘܕܘܢ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2681/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Magydum ܡܐܓܘܕܘܢ Magydum The bishopric of Magydum ܡܐܓܘܕܘܢ ܐܦܝܣܩܦܘܬܐ ܕܡܐܓܘܕܘܢ The diocese associated with the city of Magydum http://syriaca.org/place/2681 7 7
Gumathene — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܓܘܡܬܐ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2783/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Gumathene ܓܘܡܬܐ Gumtha ܓܘܡܬܐ A region in northern Mesopotamia http://syriaca.org/place/2783 https://pleiades.stoa.org/places/874490 620 [418]
Mendis — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܡܕܒܪܐ ܕܡܢܕܝܣ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2821/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Mendis ܡܕܒܪܐ ܕܡܢܕܝܣ ܡܕܒܪܐ ܕܡܢܕܝܣ A desert region near the village of Mendis. http://syriaca.org/place/2821 209
ʿAyn Zarba — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܥܝܢ ܙܪܒܐ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Thomas A. Carlson David A. Michelson Initial Barsoum entry creation by David A. Michelson Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson Syriac description entry by Robert Aydin Arabic description entry by Dayroyo Roger-Youssef Akhrass Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/9/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2016-12-09+01:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriac.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 Changed @xml:lang 'en-xsrp1' to 'en-x-srp1' ADDED: Add alternate names for search functionality. CHANGED tei:author element to tei:persName under tei:event element. ADDED: Yaqut citation and attestation ADDED: syriaca-computed-start and syriaca-computed-end attributes for searching CREATED: place
ʿAyn Zarba Anazarbos Anazarba ܥܝܢ ܙܪܒܐ ܥܰܝܢܕܰܐܒܐ ܙܢܐܙܪܒܐ ܐܰܢܐܙܘܪܐ عين زربة انازربة انازروه Anāzarba Anāzūra عينُ زَربَى Ayn Zarba ‘Ayn Zarba A city in Cilicia, a provincial capital of the Roman Empire and for a time the capital of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. ܡܕܝܢܬܳܐ ܕܰܒܩܝܠܺܝܩܝܰܐ ܣܺܝܡܳܐ ܗܘܳܬ ܥܰܠ ܢܗܰܪ ܓܺܝ̣ܚܘܢ ܘܝܰܘܡܳܢ ܗܘܳܬ ܩܪܺܝܬܳܐ ܕܡܶܬܶܐܡܰܪ ܠܳܗ̇ ܐܰܢܐܙܘܪܐ. مدينة في قيليقية كانت واقعة على نهر جيحان وامست الان قرية يقال لها انازروه. a town in Cilicia, on the river Jījān. Today it is a small village called Anāzūra. 37.263889 35.905556

Attestation of name عينُ زَربَى in the Muʿjam al-buldān of Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.

Dolabani's printer misread the initial olaph of this name as a zayn. http://syriaca.org/place/9 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/658378 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anazarbus http://dbpedia.org/resource/Anazarbus The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage 35 Map I A1, II A1 ܒܪ̈ܘܠܐ ܒܕܝܪ̈ܐ ܕܥܠ ܡܪܕܘܬ ܝܘܠܦܢ̈ܐ ܣܘܪ̈ܝܝܐ ܗܕܝܪ̈ܐ 559 كتاب اللؤلؤ المنثور في تاريخ العلوم والأداب السريانية 517 The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences 551 Muʿjam al-buldān Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī IV:201
Gate of Beth Shemesh — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܬܪܥܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܫܡܫ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2601/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Gate of Beth Shemesh ܬܪܥܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܫܡܫ ܬܪܥܐ ܕܒܝܬ ܫܡܫ A gate of the city of Edessa http://syriaca.org/place/2601 8
Sophene — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܐܬܪܐ ܕܨܘܦܢܝ̈ܐ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Thomas A. Carlson Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/493/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2014-01-14-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriac.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 ADDED: syriaca-computed-start and syriaca-computed-end attributes for searching CREATED: place
Sophene ܐܬܪܐ ܕܨܘܦܢܝ̈ܐ ܐܰܬܪܳܐ ܕܨܘܦܢܳܝ̈ܐ قطر الصوفنيين Sufniyyin province A region north of Maypherqaṭ. http://syriaca.org/place/493 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/874707 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophene ܒܪ̈ܘܠܐ ܒܕܝܪ̈ܐ ܕܥܠ ܡܪܕܘܬ ܝܘܠܦܢ̈ܐ ܣܘܪ̈ܝܝܐ ܗܕܝܪ̈ܐ 562 كتاب اللؤلؤ المنثور في تاريخ العلوم والأداب السريانية 520 The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences 553
Alexandria Minor — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܐܠܟܣܢܕܪܝܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2621/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Alexandria Minor ܐܠܟܣܢܕܪܝܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ Alexandria Minor ܐܠܟܣܢܕܪܝܐ ܙܥܘܪܬܐ The diocese associated with the city of Alexandria Minor http://syriaca.org/place/2621 98 110
Melitene — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܡܝܠܝܛܝܢܝ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2818/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Filled out entry, related to issue #820. CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Melitene ܡܝܠܝܛܝܢܝ The region around the city of Melitene in eastern Anatolia http://syriaca.org/place/2818 H. Takahashi 367. Melitene The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage 283-284 The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage 11, 18, 54–55, 59, 60, 66, 126, 168, 178, 283–284, 287, 290, 380, 406, 418, 443 Map I B1, II B1, III ܒܪ̈ܘܠܐ ܒܕܝܪ̈ܐ ܕܥܠ ܡܪܕܘܬ ܝܘܠܦܢ̈ܐ ܣܘܪ̈ܝܝܐ ܗܕܝܪ̈ܐ 562 كتاب اللؤلؤ المنثور في تاريخ العلوم والأداب السريانية 520 The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences 556 David Wilmshurst The Ecclesiastical Organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913 62-63, 65 Muʿjam al-buldān Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī V:223
Seleucia Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Thomas A. Carlson Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/174/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

2014-06-30-04:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriac.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CHANGED tei:author element to tei:persName under tei:event element. ADDED: Yaqut citation and attestation ADDED: relation element with shares-name-with attribute for all place headwords that share names ADDED: syriaca-computed-start and syriaca-computed-end attributes for searching CREATED: place
Seleucia سَلِيقِية A port city of Isauria. 36.36667 33.93333

Attestation of name سَلِيقِية in the Muʿjam al-buldān of Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.

http://syriaca.org/place/174 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/648771 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silifke http://dbpedia.org/resource/Silifke The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage Map I A1 Muʿjam al-buldān Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī III:275
Sema — <foreign xml:lang="syr">ܣܡܐ</foreign> Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal The National Endowment for the Humanities The International Balzan Prize Foundation Daniel L. Schwartz URI minted and initial data collected by Daniel L. Schwartz Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by David A. Michelson Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by William L. Potter Record validation, normalization, and revisions for the second edition (2.0) by Daniel L. Schwartz Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal http://syriaca.org/place/2841/tei

Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

This entry incorporates copyrighted material from the following work(s): used under a Creative Commons Attribution license

2018-08-08-05:00
The Syriac Gazetteer David A. Michelson, 2014-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. Thomas A. Carlson, 2014-2018 David A. Michelson, 2014-present. Daniel L. Schwartz, 2019-present. William L. Potter, 2020-present. http://syriaca.org/geo

Born digital.

This record has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines. Documentation is available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation. The Syriac Gazetteer was encoded using both the general editorial guidelines for all publications of Syriaca.org and an encoding schema specific to The Syriac Gazetteer.

Approximate dates described in terms of centuries or partial centuries have been interpreted into quantitative values as documented in the Syriaca.org guidelines for normalization of dates. See Syriaca.org Guidelines for Approximate Dates.

The state element of @type="existence" indicates the period for which this place was in use as a place of its indicated type (e.g. an inhabited settlement, a functioning monastery or church, an administrative province). While it is possible to indicate a source for this date, this date is usually based on the estimate of the editors and provided as an aid to searching. As a practice, attested dates for a place based on historical sources have instead been encoded more precisely using event of @type="attestation". Natural features which have always existed have no date on the state element of @type="existence" since they are are presumed to have always existed throughout recorded history.

In some cases, maps from print publications have been used as the basis for coordinate data in The Syriac Gazetteer. In two instances, the editors of such print maps provided the digital coordinate data used to prepare the print maps. Specifically, coordinates which are attributed to The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) or to The Syriac World (http://syriaca.org/bibl/PUTG99V4) were extracted from the KML files used to create the print maps for those volumes. Because only the print maps were published, the citation for these coordinates refers to the print source. The editors of the The Syriac Gazetteer are grateful to the editors of The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage and The Syriac World for providing these coordinate files.

The editors have silently normalized data from other sources in some cases. The primary instances are listed below.

The capitalization of names from The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (http://syriaca.org/bibl/1) was normalized silently (i.e. names in ALL-CAPS were replaced by Proper-noun capitalization).

The unchanging parts of alternate names from the editions and translations of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/2, http://syriaca.org/bibl/3, or http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) have been supplied silently.

Names from the English translation of Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences (http://syriaca.org/bibl/4) were silently transformed into sentence word order rather than the headword alphabetization used by Barsoum. Commas were silently removed.

The name used by Syriaca.org for document titles, citation, and disambiguation. These names have been created according to the Syriaca.org guidelines for headwords: http://syriaca.org/documentation/headwords.html. An anglicized version of a name, included to facilitate searching.

Languages codes used in this record follow the Syriaca.org guidelines. Documentation available at: http://syriaca.org/documentation/langusage.xml

CHANGED: Implemented May 2019 batch changes, see https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/issues?q=is%3Aissue+label%3A2019-May-Batch-Changes. The issues labeled were #742, #743, #746, #747, #749, #752, #754, #757, #759, #761, #763, #765, #766, #767, #768, #769, #770, #771, #772, #773, #774, #792, #793, #794, #797, #802, #803, #804, #806, #807, #815, #816, #817, #818, #819, #820, #821, #822, #823, #824, #825, #826, #827, #829, #831, #832, #833, #834, #836, #843, #847, #848, #849, #850, #851, #852, #853 CREATED: place
Sema ܣܡܐ A villa called Sema ܣܡܐ ܦܪܣܛܝܘܢ ܕܡܬܩܪܐ ܣܡܐ A villa where Theodore the Castrensis resided after his retirement from imperial service http://syriaca.org/place/2841 205 [551]