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For best results, users are recommended to use the advanced search functions. Search results can also be improved by the use of the the following Boolean search characters:

Wildcard Characters:

Given the prevalence of variant spellings in names, using Wildcard Characters may help.

"?" can be inserted as a variant for any single character.

Thus a search for:

G?wargis  
returns results which contain either "Gewargis" or "Giwargis".

Similarly a search for:

M?r  
returns results which contain either "Mar" or "Mor".

"*" can be inserted as a variant for multiple characters or a truncated word.

Thus a search for:

Dayr*  
returns results for "Dayr" and "Dayro" and more.

Similarly a search for

Ab*  
returns results for "ʿAbdishoʿ" and "ʿAbda" and more.

Note: Because the sources we quote use a variety of transliteration formats, Syriaca.org ignores diacritics and punctuation in searching; for example, use of "ʿ" is not required to find results with this diacritical mark.

Fuzzy Search Character

Appending the character "~" after a word returns results for words that are close but not exact matches.

Thus a search for

Aba~  
returns results which contain "Aba" but also "Abi", "Saba", "Aha", and other words that are "fuzzy" matches for "Aba".

Exact Phrase Searches

To find an exact phrase, it should be enclosed in double quotes.

Thus

"ʿAbdishoʿ I"  
returns only one result with that exact phrase, while several results are found for the words "ʿAbdishoʿ" and "I".

Proximity Characters

To find two or more words which occur within a specified range of each other, one can append the character "~" followed by a number to an "Exact Phrase" search. This allows one to search for two or more words that occur within a specified distance of each other as defined by number of words.

Thus

"Jacob+Bishop"~2  
finds three results in which the words "Jacob" and "Bishop" occur within two words of each other: "Jacob , bishop of Nisibin", "Jacob, bishop of Phesilta", and "Jacob , bishop of ‛Ānah" while a simple search for "Jacob Bishop" returns many more results.

A

Jones, et al., The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, vol. 1: A.D. 260-395A. H. M. Jones, J. R. Martindale and J. Morris,, A.D. 260-395The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire vol. 1 , URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/672
Martindale, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, vol. 2: A.D. 395-527J. R. Martindale, A. H. M. Jones and J. R. Martindale,, A.D. 395-527The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire vol. 2 , URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/673
Martindale, The Prosopography of the Later Roman EmpireJ. R. Martindale, A. H. M. Jones and J. R. Martindale,, A.D. 527-641The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire vol. 3 , URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/674
Aba L. Van Rompay, "Aba." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/12
Aba I L. Van Rompay, "Aba I." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/10
Aba II of Kashkar G. J. Reinink, "Aba II of Kashkar." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/11
Abam(m)on à AxiothéaNo authors or Editors "Abam(m)on à Axiothéa." in Richard Goulet ed., Dictionnaire des philosophes antiques vol. 1 (Paris: Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1989)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/2475
Abdisho bar Bahrīz B. H. Roggema, "Abdisho bar Bahrīz." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/13
Abdisho bar Brikha J. W. Childers, "Abdisho bar Brikha." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/14
Abdisho of Gazarta H. G. B. Teule, "Abdisho of Gazarta." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/15
Abdullāh I bar Sṭephanos G. A. Kiraz, "Abdullāh I bar Sṭephanos." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/16
Abdullāh II Saṭṭūf G. A. Kiraz, "Abdullāh II Saṭṭūf." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/17
Abdulmasīḥ II G. A. Kiraz, "Abdulmasīḥ II." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/18
Abgar L. Van Rompay, "Abgar." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/19
Abgar hagiographe perse méconnu (début du Ve siècle) P. Devos, "Abgar hagiographe perse méconnu (début du Ve siècle)."Analecta Bollandiana vol. 83 (1965)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/908
Abgar: hagiographe perse méconnu (début du Ve siècle) P Devos, "Abgar: hagiographe perse méconnu (début du Ve siècle)."Analecta Bollandiana vol. 83 (1965)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/1331
Abgarids of Edessa T. S. Wardle, "Abgarids of Edessa." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/20
Abgarsage H.J.W. Drijvers, "Abgarsage." in W. Schneemelcher ed., Neutestamentliche Apokryphen, I. Evangelien, Tübingen, 51987 (51987)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/763
Abraham bar Dashandad H. G. B. Teule, "Abraham bar Dashandad." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/21
Abraham bar Lipeh S. P. Brock, "Abraham bar Lipeh." in Sebastian P. Brock, Aaron M. Butts and George A. Kiraz, eds., The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway, : Gorgias Press, 2011)URI: http://syriaca.org/bibl/22

Search Tips

For best results, users are recommended to use the advanced search functions. Search results can also be improved by the use of the the following Boolean search characters:

Wildcard Characters:

Given the prevalence of variant spellings in names, using Wildcard Characters may help.

"?" can be inserted as a variant for any single character.

Thus a search for:

G?wargis  
returns results which contain either "Gewargis" or "Giwargis".

Similarly a search for:

M?r  
returns results which contain either "Mar" or "Mor".

"*" can be inserted as a variant for multiple characters or a truncated word.

Thus a search for:

Dayr*  
returns results for "Dayr" and "Dayro" and more.

Similarly a search for

Ab*  
returns results for "ʿAbdishoʿ" and "ʿAbda" and more.

Note: Because the sources we quote use a variety of transliteration formats, Syriaca.org ignores diacritics and punctuation in searching; for example, use of "ʿ" is not required to find results with this diacritical mark.

Fuzzy Search Character

Appending the character "~" after a word returns results for words that are close but not exact matches.

Thus a search for

Aba~  
returns results which contain "Aba" but also "Abi", "Saba", "Aha", and other words that are "fuzzy" matches for "Aba".

Exact Phrase Searches

To find an exact phrase, it should be enclosed in double quotes.

Thus

"ʿAbdishoʿ I"  
returns only one result with that exact phrase, while several results are found for the words "ʿAbdishoʿ" and "I".

Proximity Characters

To find two or more words which occur within a specified range of each other, one can append the character "~" followed by a number to an "Exact Phrase" search. This allows one to search for two or more words that occur within a specified distance of each other as defined by number of words.

Thus

"Jacob+Bishop"~2  
finds three results in which the words "Jacob" and "Bishop" occur within two words of each other: "Jacob , bishop of Nisibin", "Jacob, bishop of Phesilta", and "Jacob , bishop of ‛Ānah" while a simple search for "Jacob Bishop" returns many more results.