Dayr al-Zaʿfarān - ܕܝܪܐ ܕܙܥܦܪܐܢ

http://syriaca.org/place/69
A Syr. Orth. monastery dedicated to Mar Ḥnonyo (Arab. Ḥanānyā) located outside Mardin, and the seat of the patriarchate from 1293 until after World War I.1

Place Type: monastery

Location

Brief Descriptions

  • ܐܰܘ ܕܰܝܪܳܐ ܕܡܳܪܝ ܚܰܢܰܢܝܳܐ ܐܶܫܬܰܬܰܐܣ ܒܚܰܪܬܗ ܕܕܳܪܳܐ ܪܒܺܝܥܳܝܳܐ ) ܘܫܰܟܠܠܶܗ ܡܳܪܝ ܚܰܢܰܢܝܳܐ ܡܝܛܪܘܦܘܠܝܛܳܐ ܕܡܰܪܕܝܢ ܒܶܝܬ 793 - 800 ܒܡܰܕܢܰܚ ܡܶܪܕܳܐ ܫܳܥܬܐ ܡܶܢܳܗ̇. ܕܰܝܪܰܐ ܗܘ ܪܰܒܐ ܕܥܰܡܝܪ ܘܰܡܝܰܬܰܒ ܗܘܳܐ ܒܶܝܬ ܟܘܪܣܝܳܐ ܠܦܰܛܪܝܰܪܟܘܬܐ ܡܶܢ ܫܢܰܬ 1293 - 1933 ܝܰܬܝܪ ܡܶܢ ܫܶܬܡܳܐܐ ܫܢ̈ܝܺܢ. ܘܐܰܦܶܩ ܚܰܕ ܘܥܶܣܪܝܢ ܦܰܛܪܝܰܪ̈ܟܐ ܘܬܶܫܥܳܐ ܡܰܦܪ̈ܝܳܢܐ ܘܡܳܐܐ ܘܥܶܣܪܳܐ ܐܶܦܝܣܩܘ̈ܦܐ. ܘܒܰܫܢܰܬ 1917 ܦܪܰܣܢܰܢ ܡܟܰܬܒܰܙܰܒܢܗ ܕܰܡܫܰܡܠܰܝ ܘܰܪܫܝܺܡ ( ܢܰܙܗܗ̈ ܐܠܐܕܗܰܐܢ ) ܘܚܳܝܪܝܺܢ ܥܠܰܘܗܝ ܠܓܰܪܒܝܳܐ ܬܠܳܬܐ ܕܰܝܪ̈ܐ ܙܥܘܪ̈ܐ ܕܰܝܪܐ ܕܢܶܦܛܳܐ ܘܕܰܝܪܐ ܕܡܳܪܝ ܥܙܳܙܳܐܝܠ ܘܰܡܝܰܬܒ ܗܘܐ ܒܟܶܢܫܳܐ ܕܕܰܝܪ̈ܳܝܶܐ ܒܶܝܬ ܫܢܰܬ 1500 - 1600 ܘܕܰܝܪܳܐ ܕܡܳܪܝ ܝܰܥܩܘܒ ܡܰܠܦܳܢܐ ܕܰܕܟܺܝܪ ܠܰܙܒܰܢܬܐ ܩܰܕܡܳܝܬܐ ܫܢܰܬ 1165 ܘܰܥܕܰܡܳܐ ܠܗܳܫܳܐ ܥܰܡܝܪ ܘܰܚܒܝ̈ܫܳܝܳܬܐ ܕܡܳܪܝ ܒܶܗܢܰܡ ( ܘܡܳܪܝ ܝܰܘܣܦ ) ܕܰܥܡܰܪܘ ܒܗܶܝܢ ܐܢܳܫ̈ܝܢ ܥܢܘ̈ܝܐ ܥܕܰܡܳܐ ܠܡܶܨܥܳܝ̈ܬܗ ܕܕܳܪܐ ܕܰܫܒܰܥܣܪ ܘܐܶܬܢܰܦܰܩܘ ܒܗܶܝܢ ܐܶܦܝܣܩܘ̈ܦܐ.3
  • او دير مار حنانيا وهو مطران ماردين الذي وطّد اركانه سنة 793-800 على انقاض قلعة ودير قديم شرقي ماردين مسير ساعة عنها. وهو دير كبير عامر آهل، صار كرسياً للبطاركة من سنة 1293 نيفاً وستمائة سنة، انجب واحداً وعشرين بطريركاً وتسعة مفارنة ومئة وعشرة اساقفة. وسنة 1917 عملنا ونشرنا تاريخه الضافي الموسوم "بنزهة الاذهان" ويطل عليه شمالاً ثلاثة اديار صغيرة متجاورة وهي دير مار عززائيل وكان آهلاً برهط من الرهبان بين سنة 1500-1600 ودير مار يعقوب الملفان وذكر لأول مرة سنة 1165 ولا يزال عامراً، وصومعة مار بهنام وقطنها نفر من النساك حتى اواسط القرن السابع عشر وتخرج في كل منها نفر من الاساقفة4
  • 620. al-Zaʿfarān, Dayr1
  • or St. Ḥananya Monastery, was built by Ḥananya, metropolitan of Mardin, between 793 and 800 on the site of an old monastery north of Mardin. This great and populous monastery in 1293 became the Patriarchal see for some six hundred years. It claims twenty-one Patriarchs, nine Maphryonos and 110 bishops. In 1917 we published its detailed history, entitled Nuzhat al-Adhhān (The Excursion of Minds). In its immediate neighborhood there are three small monasteries close together:5

Attestation

  • Attestation of names دير الزعفران and عمر الزعفران in the Muʿjam al-buldān of Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.

    8

Corrigenda

    In Dolabani's translation of Barsoum's description ܘܐܰܦܩ and ܡܟܰܬܒܰܙܰܒܢܗ should read ܘܰܐܦܩ and ܡܰܟܬܰܒܙܰܒܢܗ respectively.
    Matti Moosa's English translation of Barsoum's description is incomplete, and it says "north" when it should be "east."
  Is this record complete?

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 449.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 4, 5, 9, 38, 46, 48, 60, 62, 64, 77, 100, 103, 117, 129–130 (with fig. 43), 141, 165, 178, 183, 224, 226, 244, 245, 265, 267, 270, 308, 343, 346, 375, 381, 393, 438, 446, 449, 468 (fig. 129c), 469 (fig. 130c), 470 (fig. 131c), maps: Map III.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 3 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, Berule bdire d-ʿal yulpone suryoye hdire, trans. Philoxenos Yuḥanon Dolabani, 2nd ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1991), pp: 545-546.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 4 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, al-Luʼluʼ al-manthūr fī tārīkh al-ʻulūm wa-al-ādāb al-Suryāniyyah, 4th ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1987), pp: 510.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 5 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans. Matti Moosa, 2nd rev. ed. (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2003), pp: 570.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 6 Sergey Minov (ed.), A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity (The Center for the Study of Christianity, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013), entry: monastery Deir Zafaran.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 7 David Wilmshurst, The ecclesiastical organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, vol. 582; Subsidia, tomus 104 (Leuven: Peeters, 2000), pp: 38, 95.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 8 Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya, 1990), pp: II:580; IV:174.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record

Names

  • ܕܝܪܐ ܕܙܥܦܪܐܢ
  • Dayr al-Zaʿfarān2
  • ܕܰܝܪܳܐ ܕܙܰܥܦܰܪܐܢ3
  • دير الزعفران4, 8
  • عمر الزعفران8
  • Dayro d-Mor Ḥnonyo2
  • Dayr Mār Ḥanānyā2
  • monastery Deir Zafaran6
  • Zaʿfaran Monastery5
  • Zaʿfarān (West Syrian)7

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson et al., “Dayr al-Zaʿfarān — ܕܝܪܐ ܕܙܥܦܪܐܢ ” in The Syriac Gazetteer last modified December 9, 2016, http://syriaca.org/place/69.

Bibliography:

Thomas A. Carlson et al., “Dayr al-Zaʿfarān — ܕܝܪܐ ܕܙܥܦܪܐܢ .” In The Syriac Gazetteer, edited by Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published December 9, 2016. http://syriaca.org/place/69.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Dayr al-Zaʿfarān — ܕܝܪܐ ܕܙܥܦܪܐܢ

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • David A. Michelson, general editor, Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal
  • Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson, editors, The Syriac Gazetteer
  • Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson, entry contributors, “Dayr al-Zaʿfarān — ܕܝܪܐ ܕܙܥܦܪܐܢ

Additional Credit:

  • Initial Barsoum entry creation by David A. Michelson
  • Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Syriac description entry by Robert Aydin
  • Wilmshurst index information entry by Anthony Davis

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