Ṭur ʿAbdin - ܛܘܪܥܒܕܝܢ

http://syriaca.org/place/221
Properly speaking, Ṭur ʿAbdin (‘Mountain of the servants’) does not include the whole province of Mardin in Turkey, but only the limestone plateau in the eastern part of it, between the river Tigris and Nisibis."1

Place Type: region

Location

  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 37.5° Long. 41.5°8

Brief Descriptions

  • ܛܘܪܐ ܗܘ ܕܡܶܬܚܰܝܕ ܒܛܘܪܳܐ ܕܐܝܙܠܳܐ. ܗܰܘ ܕܚܳܐܪ ܠܰܢܨܝܒܝܢ ܘܟܘܪܰܐ ܗܘ ܕܣܰܓ̈ܝܐܝܳܢ ܕܰܝܪ̈ܳܬܗ ܘܟܘܪ̈ܚܰܘܗܝ. ܘܐܶܡܳܐ ܕܰܡܕܺܝܢ̈ܬܗ ܐܰܬܪܐ ܕܡܶܕܝܰܕ ܕܚܳܕܪܝܢ ܠܗ ܝܰܬܝܪ ܡܶܢ ܚܰܡܫܝܢ ܩܘܪ̈ܝܳܐ ܕܰܬܪܝܢ ܬܘ̈ܠܬܐ ܡܫܝܚ̈ܝܐ ܣܘܪ̈ܝܳܝܐ ܘܰܕܫܰܪܟܐ ܛܰܝܳܝ̈ܐ ܘܝ̣ܺܙ݂ܝܼܕܳܝ̈ܐ. ܘܗܳܠܝܢ ܐܶܢܘܢ ܫܡܳܗ̈ܐ ܕܩܘܪ̈ܝܳܐ ܕܰܕܟܝܪܝܢ ܒܰܟܬܳܒܰܢ ܠܡܰܕܢܚܳܐ ܐܰܢܚܠ. ܦܳܦܝܰܬ. ܩܰܪܛܰܡܝܢ ܠܡܰܥܪܒܳܐ: ܒ̈ܬܶܐ. ܚܰܒܣܢܰܐܣ ܨܰܠܚ ܥܰܪܢܰܐܣ ܥܰܝܢܘܪܕ ܟܰܦܪܳܐ ܟܦܰܪܙܗ ܟܦܰܪܣܠܛܐ. ܟܦܰܪܫܳܡܥ ـ ܟܰܢܕܝܪܝܒ. ܠܓܰܪܒܝܐ: ܒܶܝܬ ܩܶܣܝܳܢܳܐ. ܚܰܐܚ. ܚܰܣܢ ܟܺܐܦܳܐ. ܕܰܝܪܳܐ ܕܰܨܠܝܒܐ. ܙܰܐܙ ܟܦܰܪܒܘܪܰܐܢ. ܠܬܰܝܡܢܐ: ܐܰܪܒܳܐ ܒܶܝܬܕܶܒ̈ܐ ܒܶܝܬ ܣܒܝܪܝܢܳܐ ܒܶܝܬ ܡܰܢܥܡ ܬܰܡܰܪܙ ܚܒܳܒ. ܣܰܐܪܗ ܐܘ ܐܶܣܬܝܪ ܥܰܪܒܰܐܢ ܡܝܕܘܢ ܘܩܘܪ̈ܝܳܐ ܕܚܰܪ̈ܝܒܳܢ ܘܰܕܠܐ ܝܕܝ̈ܥܳܢ ܕܘܟܝ̈ܬܗܶܝܢ ܚܰܠܚ. ܙܰܒܕܝܩܐ. ܟܦܪܝܰܗܒ. ܒܠܫܬ.3
  • جبل متصل بجبل الازل المشرف على نصيبين، وكورة كثيرة الاديار والصوامع قصبتها بلدة مذيات، مكتظة بنيف وخمسين قرية وضيعة ثلثا اهلها مسيحيون سريانيون والبقية مسلمون ويزيدية، وهذه اسماء القرى المذكورة في كتابنا: شرقا، انحل ففياث قرتمين، وغربا باتي حبسناس صلح عرناس عينورد كفرة كفرزي كفرسلطا كفر شامع كنديريب. وشمالا: آلين باقسيات حاج حصن كيفا دير صليب زاز كربوران، وجنوبا: اربو بادبة باسبرينة بانمعم تمرس حباب ساري او ستير عربان مدو. والقرى الخربة المجهولة الموقع، حالح زبديقا كفرياب كلشت.4
  • 565. Ṭur ʿAbdin1
  • a mountain connected with the mountain of Izla, which overlooks Nisibin. The territory of the same name harbors a great number of monasteries and cells, as well as some fifty villages large and small. Two-thirds of the inhabitants of these villages are Syrian Christians; the rest are Muslims and Yezidis. The capital of Tur ʿAbdin is Midyat. Following are the names of the villages mentioned in our book: to the east of Tur ʿAbdin are situated Anḥil, Fifyath and Qarṭmin; to the west are Bāti, Habsnas, Salaḥ, ʿUrnus, ʿAynward, Kafra, Kafarze, Kafrsalta, Kafrshami and Kandarib; to the north are Ālīn, Baqsyan, Ḥaḥ, Ḥiṣn Kifa, Dayr Ṣalib, Zāz and Karburan; to the south are Arbo, Badebe, Basibrina, Banimʿim, Tamars, Ḥbob, Sari Awastir, ʿArban and Meddo.  The ruined villages and those whose location is unknown, are Ḥāliḥ, Zabdīqā, Kafryab and Kalasht.5

Attestation

  • Attestation of name طور عَبْدِين in the Muʿjam al-buldān of Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.

    9
  Is this record complete?

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 418-420.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 4, 30, 38, 48, 62, 63, 68, 69, 114, 140, 167–168, 178, 183, 187, 210, 215, 220, 226, 244, 245, 247, 262, 264, 267, 272, 279–280, 290, 291, 294 (with fig. 81), 308, 310, 313, 333, 357, 375, 381–382, 414, 418–420 (with fig. 121), 421, 438, 465 (fig. 120c), 466 (fig. 122c), 467 (fig. 123c), maps: Map II B1.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 3 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, Berule bdire d-ʿal yulpone suryoye hdire, trans. Philoxenos Yuḥanon Dolabani, 2nd ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1991), pp: 557-558, 559.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 4 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, al-Luʼluʼ al-manthūr fī tārīkh al-ʻulūm wa-al-ādāb al-Suryāniyyah, 4th ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1987), pp: 517.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 5 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans. Matti Moosa, 2nd rev. ed. (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2003), pp: 559.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 6 Sergey Minov (ed.), A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity (The Center for the Study of Christianity, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013), entry: Tur Abdin.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 7 David Wilmshurst, The ecclesiastical organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, vol. 582; Subsidia, tomus 104 (Leuven: Peeters, 2000), pp: 38, 39, 40, 43, 44, 109.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 8 http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/874477
  • 9 Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya, 1990), pp: IV:55.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record

Names

  • ܛܘܪܥܒܕܝܢ
  • Ṭur ʿAbdin2
  • ܛܘܪܥܰܒܕܝܢ3
  • طورعبدين4
  • طور عَبْدِين9
  • Tur Abdin6
  • Tur ʿAbdin5
  • Ṭūr ʿAbdīn7

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson et al., “Ṭur ʿAbdin — ܛܘܪܥܒܕܝܢ ” in The Syriac Gazetteer last modified December 9, 2016, http://syriaca.org/place/221.

Bibliography:

Thomas A. Carlson et al., “Ṭur ʿAbdin — ܛܘܪܥܒܕܝܢ .” In The Syriac Gazetteer, edited by Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published December 9, 2016. http://syriaca.org/place/221.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Ṭur ʿAbdin — ܛܘܪܥܒܕܝܢ

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • David A. Michelson, general editor, Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal
  • Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson, editors, The Syriac Gazetteer
  • Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson, entry contributors, “Ṭur ʿAbdin — ܛܘܪܥܒܕܝܢ

Additional Credit:

  • Initial Barsoum entry creation by David A. Michelson
  • Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Syriac description entry by Robert Aydin
  • Arabic description entry by Dayroyo Roger-Youssef Akhrass
  • Wilmshurst index information entry by Anthony Davis

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