Urmia - ܐܘܪܡܝܐ

Urmia (Urūmiyya, Rīzāya), a city in northwest Iran, west of Lake Urmia, is first mentioned in E.-Syr. sources in 1111, whereas the mentioning of bishops in Azerbaijan (Hoshaʿ of Ganzak in 486, Ḥenanishoʿ in 605), testify to earlier presence of the Ch. of E. in this region.1

Place Type: settlement


  • Coordinates:
    • Lat. 37.55° Long. 45.1°2

Brief Descriptions

  • 568. Urmia1


  • Attestation of name أُرْميَة in the Muʿjam al-buldān of Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.

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Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 422.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 29–30, 47, 48, 65, 92, 93 (with fig. 33), 99 (with fig. 35), 119, 187, 210, 246, 262, 312, 338, 339 (fig. 99), 352, 361, 385, 422 (with fig. 125, 126), 436, maps: Map II C1, IV.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 3 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, Berule bdire d-ʿal yulpone suryoye hdire, trans. Philoxenos Yuḥanon Dolabani, 2nd ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1991), pp: 239.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 4 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, al-Luʼluʼ al-manthūr fī tārīkh al-ʻulūm wa-al-ādāb al-Suryāniyyah, 4th ed. (Holland: Bar Hebraeus Verlag, 1987), pp: 213.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 5 Ignatius Afram Barsoum, The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences, trans. Matti Moosa, 2nd rev. ed. (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2003), pp: 248.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 6 Sergey Minov (ed.), A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity (The Center for the Study of Christianity, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013), entry: Urmia.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 7 David Wilmshurst, The ecclesiastical organisation of the Church of the East, 1318-1913, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, vol. 582; Subsidia, tomus 104 (Leuven: Peeters, 2000), pp: 3, 32, 36, 105, 281, 296, 298, 301, 304, 306, 314-315, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325, 335, 337-338.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 8 Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya, 1990), pp: I:190.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record


  • ܐܘܪܡܝܐ
  • Urmia2, 5, 6
  • ܐܘܪܡܺܝܐ3
  • أُرْميَة8
  • اورمية4
  • Rīzāya2
  • Ūrmī7
  • Urūmiyya2

Related Places

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson et al., “Urmia — ܐܘܪܡܝܐ ” in The Syriac Gazetteer last modified June 30, 2014, http://syriaca.org/place/206.


Thomas A. Carlson et al., “Urmia — ܐܘܪܡܝܐ .” In The Syriac Gazetteer, edited by Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published June 30, 2014. http://syriaca.org/place/206.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Urmia — ܐܘܪܡܝܐ

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • David A. Michelson, general editor, Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal
  • Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson, editors, The Syriac Gazetteer
  • Thomas A. Carlson and David A. Michelson, entry contributors, “Urmia — ܐܘܪܡܝܐ

Additional Credit:

  • Initial Barsoum entry creation by David A. Michelson
  • Data merging, Pleiades and Wikipedia linking, and XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Wilmshurst index information entry by Anthony Davis

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