Abraham of Kashkar - ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ (492 or ca. 500 - 586 or 588)

http://syriaca.org/person/320 This page is an entry in Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints and A Guide to Syriac Authors

Identity

“Monk, founder and abbot of the ‘Great Monastery’ on Mount Izla.” 1

Names:

  • ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ
  • Abraham of Kashkar
  • ܐܒܪܗܡ3
  • ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ3
  • Abraham de Kashkar3
  • ABRAHAM DE KAŜKAR4
  • Abraham e Kashkar15
  • Abraham Kashkaraya
  • Abraham the Great
  • Abraham of Kashkar1, 10
  • ʾAḇrāhām3
  • ʾAḇrāhām Kaškarāyā3

Sex: male4

Confession

  • Ch. of E. 1

Martyr

  • Martyr 4

Description

    In hagiography: Abraham of Kashkar (Abraham the Great of Kashkar, or "the elder") was a celebrated reformer of monasticism in Mesopotamia and a great saint of the Church of the East. A student of the School of Nisibis, Abraham was a missionary, ascetic, and miracle-worker. He was called "Father of the Monks of the Orient."

*Timeline generated with http://timeline.knightlab.com/

Dates

  • Birth: 4924 or ca. 5001
  • Death: 5864 or 5881

Note

The commemoration of Abraham was May 2 among the East Syrians.

Note

Earliest sources of the Life of Abraham (Abba John and Rabban Rustam) are lost, but they were used by the following:

Works Cited

Any information without attribution has been created following the Syriaca.org editorial guidelines.

  • 1 L. Van Rompay, "Abraham of Kashkar." in Sebastian P. Brock et al. (eds.), The Gorgias Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Syriac Heritage (Piscataway,NJ: Gorgias Press, 2011), pp: 8-9.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 2 Sergey Minov (ed.), A Comprehensive Bibliography on Syriac Christianity (The Center for the Study of Christianity, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2013), entry: Abraham of Kashkar.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 3 Ugo Zanetti and Claude Detienne, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Syriaca, entry: 982, 981.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 4 Jean Maurice Fiey, Saints Syriaques (Princeton, N.J.: The Darwin Press, Inc., 2004), entry: 23.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 5 Īšō‘dnāḥ de al-Baṣra, Le livre de la chasteté (Rome, 1896).Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic recordLink to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 6 Thomas of Marga, Liber superiorum seu Historia Monastica (Paris and Leipzig: Dicta de Sèvres; Harrassowitz, 1901)., : I.4.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic recordLink to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 7 Mārī Ibn Sulaymān and E Gismondi, Aḫbār faṭārika kursī al-mašriq min kitāb al-maǧdal (Rome: C. de Luigi, 1899)., : 47 arabe.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 8 Addai Scher, Chronicle Of Seert, Patrologia Orientalis (n.d.), : II, 41-43.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 9 Paul Peeters and Société de Bollandistes, Bibliotheca hagiographica orientalis (1910)., : Entry 14.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Archive.org Bibliographic recordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 10 E.A. Wallis Budge (ed.), I. The History of Rabban Hôrmîzd the Persian. II. The History of Rabban Bar-ʿIdtâThe Syriac Texts, Luzac's Semitic Text and Translation Series, (London: Luzac, 1902London, 1902)E.A. Wallis Budge, The Histories of Rabban Hôrmîzd the Persian and Rabban Bar-ʿIdtâ vol. 1 (London: Luzac, 1902London, 1902), : ROC 11 [1906], 406-408.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Archive.org Bibliographic recordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to HathiTrust Bibliographic record
  • 11 Arthur Vööbus, Syriac and Arabic documents regarding legislation relative to Syrian asceticism. (Stockholm: Etse, 1960)., : 1960, 150-62, Note: His rules were edited in Syriac and translated into English .Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 12 Alfred Baudrillart et al., Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques (Paris: Letouzey et Ané, 1912)., : I, col. 174-75, Note: Summary in .Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic Record
  • 13 Enciclopedia dei santi: le chiese orientali [= Bibliotheca sanctorum orientalium] (Roma: Città nuova, 1998)., : I, 26-28.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Zotero Bibliographic RecordLink to Worldcat Bibliographic record
  • 14 Anton Baumstark, Geschichte der syrischen Literatur mit Ausschluß der christlich-palästinensischen Texte (Bonn: A. Marcus und E. Webers Verlag Dr. jur. Albert Ahn, 1922), pp: 130-131.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic RecordLink to Archive.org Bibliographic record
  • 15 Ignatius Ortiz de Urbina, Patrologia Syriaca, Altera editio emendata et aucta (Romae: Pont. Institutum Orientalium Studiorum, 1965), section: 72.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
  • 16 J.-B. Chabot, Littérature syriaque, Bibliothèque catholique des sciences religieuses; Littératures chrétiennes de l'Orient (: Librairie Bloud & Gay, 1934), pp: 52-53.Link to Syriaca.org Bibliographic Record
Status: underReview
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Relationships

Abraham of Kashkar  Different from (1)
Aba of Kashkar - ܐܒܐ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ (A Guide to Syriac Authorsauthor, late 6th/early 7th cent. ) Names: Aba of KashkarÀb(h)ā v Kaškar Polymath author and diplomat during the reigns of Shah Khusrau II of Persia r 590 628 Emperor Maurice of Byzantium r 582 602...URI: http://syriaca.org/person/1086

How to Cite This Entry

Jeanne-Nicole Saint-Laurent et al., “Abraham of Kashkar — ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ ” in Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints last modified August 17, 2016, http://syriaca.org/person/320.

Bibliography:

Jeanne-Nicole Saint-Laurent et al., “Abraham of Kashkar — ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ .” In Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints, edited by Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson and Nathan P. Gibson. Vol. 1 of The Syriac Biographical Dictionary, edited by David A. Michelson. Syriaca.org, 2016-. Entry published August 17, 2016. http://syriaca.org/person/320.

About this Entry

Entry Title: Abraham of Kashkar — ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ

Authorial and Editorial Responsibility:

  • David A. Michelson, general editor, Syriaca.org: The Syriac Reference Portal
  • Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson, and Nathan P. Gibson, editors, Qadishe: A Guide to the Syriac Saints
  • Jeanne-Nicole Mellon Saint-Laurent, David A. Michelson, Nathan P. Gibson, James E. Walters, Thomas A. Carlson, and Kristian Heal, entry contributors, “Abraham of Kashkar — ܐܒܪܗܡ ܟܫܟܪܝܐ

Additional Credit:

  • Data from Macuch, Abuna, De Urbina, Duval, Assemani (vols. 1-2), Chabot, Wright, and Brock collected, verified, reconciled, and entered by Kristian Heal
  • German data entry by Samer Khader
  • Editing, proofreading, data entry and revision by Jeanne-Nicole Saint-Laurent
  • Editing, document design, data architecture, encoding, proofreading, data entry by David A. Michelson
  • Proofreading of GEDSH abstracts, addition of confessions and alternate names from GEDSH, matching with viaf.org records, data entry, data transformation, data merging, conversion to XML by Nathan P. Gibson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English name entry, matching with viaf.org records by James E. Walters
  • Editing, Syriac name entry, disambiguation research, conversion to XML by Thomas A. Carlson
  • Editing, Syriac data conversion, data entry, and reconciling by Adam P. Kane
  • Editing and Syriac data proofreading by Aram Bar Schabo
  • Syriac name entry by Robert Aydin
  • Normalization of GEDSH dates and entry matching with viaf.org records by Alex Vawter
  • Editorial oversight for GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry, and proofreading by Christopher Johnson
  • GEDSH and Barsoum English text entry and proofreading by the Syriac Research Group, University of Alabama
  • Entries adapted from the work of J. M. Fiey
  • Entries adapted from the work of Ugo Zanetti
  • Entries adapted from the work of Claude Detienne

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